Gitiles

commit | 1772930640446cbe37ccd864731f5b9de8a1a245 | [log] [tgz] |
---|---|---|

author | Andrew Hunter <ahh@google.com> | Thu Sep 04 14:17:16 2014 -0700 |

committer | FuckingShitUp <kengreenwood420666@gmail.com> | Tue Jan 20 16:29:41 2015 -0600 |

tree | 92c518bd21fad699c89275e0e7547ed16f5161ee | |

parent | edcb33378bbf0a0f205d47f62be1f3fca9b6d623 [diff] |

jiffies: Fix timeval conversion to jiffies commit d78c9300c51d6ceed9f6d078d4e9366f259de28c upstream. timeval_to_jiffies tried to round a timeval up to an integral number of jiffies, but the logic for doing so was incorrect: intervals corresponding to exactly N jiffies would become N+1. This manifested itself particularly repeatedly stopping/starting an itimer: setitimer(ITIMER_PROF, &val, NULL); setitimer(ITIMER_PROF, NULL, &val); would add a full tick to val, _even if it was exactly representable in terms of jiffies_ (say, the result of a previous rounding.) Doing this repeatedly would cause unbounded growth in val. So fix the math. Here's what was wrong with the conversion: we essentially computed (eliding seconds) jiffies = usec * (NSEC_PER_USEC/TICK_NSEC) by using scaling arithmetic, which took the best approximation of NSEC_PER_USEC/TICK_NSEC with denominator of 2^USEC_JIFFIE_SC = x/(2^USEC_JIFFIE_SC), and computed: jiffies = (usec * x) >> USEC_JIFFIE_SC and rounded this calculation up in the intermediate form (since we can't necessarily exactly represent TICK_NSEC in usec.) But the scaling arithmetic is a (very slight) *over*approximation of the true value; that is, instead of dividing by (1 usec/ 1 jiffie), we effectively divided by (1 usec/1 jiffie)-epsilon (rounding down). This would normally be fine, but we want to round timeouts up, and we did so by adding 2^USEC_JIFFIE_SC - 1 before the shift; this would be fine if our division was exact, but dividing this by the slightly smaller factor was equivalent to adding just _over_ 1 to the final result (instead of just _under_ 1, as desired.) In particular, with HZ=1000, we consistently computed that 10000 usec was 11 jiffies; the same was true for any exact multiple of TICK_NSEC. We could possibly still round in the intermediate form, adding something less than 2^USEC_JIFFIE_SC - 1, but easier still is to convert usec->nsec, round in nanoseconds, and then convert using time*spec*_to_jiffies. This adds one constant multiplication, and is not observably slower in microbenchmarks on recent x86 hardware. Tested: the following program: int main() { struct itimerval zero = {{0, 0}, {0, 0}}; /* Initially set to 10 ms. */ struct itimerval initial = zero; initial.it_interval.tv_usec = 10000; setitimer(ITIMER_PROF, &initial, NULL); /* Save and restore several times. */ for (size_t i = 0; i < 10; ++i) { struct itimerval prev; setitimer(ITIMER_PROF, &zero, &prev); /* on old kernels, this goes up by TICK_USEC every iteration */ printf("previous value: %ld %ld %ld %ld\n", prev.it_interval.tv_sec, prev.it_interval.tv_usec, prev.it_value.tv_sec, prev.it_value.tv_usec); setitimer(ITIMER_PROF, &prev, NULL); } return 0; } Change-Id: I3b51c1c07f3b1c7f187e3e8a7388f5ca78c7b289 Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Cc: Richard Cochran <richardcochran@gmail.com> Cc: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reported-by: Aaron Jacobs <jacobsa@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Hunter <ahh@google.com> [jstultz: Tweaked to apply to 3.17-rc] Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> [lizf: Backported to 3.4: adjust filename] Signed-off-by: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>

2 files changed

tree: 92c518bd21fad699c89275e0e7547ed16f5161ee