Facebook Buck is needed to compile the code, and an SQL database to house the review metadata. H2 is recommended for development databases, as it requires no external server process.
Getting the Source
Create a new client workspace:
git clone --recursive https://gerrit.googlesource.com/gerrit cd gerrit
--recursive option is needed on
git clone to ensure that
the core plugins, which are included as git submodules, are also
For details on how to build the source code with Buck, refer to: Building on the command line with Buck.
Switching between branches
When switching between branches with
git checkout, be aware that
submodule revisions are not altered. This may result in the wrong
plugin revisions being present, unneeded plugins being present, or
expected plugins being missing.
After switching branches, make sure the submodules are at the correct revisions for the new branch with the commands:
git submodule update git clean -fdx
Configuring IntelliJ IDEA
To use IntelliJ IDEA for development, the easiest way is to follow Eclipse integration and then open it as Eclipse project in IDEA. You need the Eclipse plugin activated in IntelliJ IDEA.
Once you start compiling using both buck and your Gerrit project in IDEA, you will likely need to mark the below directories as generated sources roots. You can do so using the IDEA "Project" view. In the context menu of each one of these, use "Mark Directory As" to mark them as "Generated Sources Root":
__auto_value_tests_gen__ __httpd_gen__ __server_gen__
Mac OS X
On Mac OS X ensure "Java For Mac OS X 10.5 Update 4" (or later) has
been installed, and that
JAVA_HOME is set to the
required Java version.
Java installations can typically be found in "/System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Versions".
You can check the installed Java version by running
java -version in
After compiling (above), run Gerrit’s 'init' command to create a testing site for development use:
java -jar buck-out/gen/gerrit/gerrit.war init -d ../gerrit_testsite
During initialization, make two changes to the default settings:
Change the listen addresses from '*' to 'localhost' to prevent outside connections from contacting the development instance; and
Change the auth type from 'OPENID' to 'DEVELOPMENT_BECOME_ANY_ACCOUNT' to allow yourself to create and act as arbitrary test accounts on your development instance.
Continue through init until it completes. The daemon will automatically start in the background and a web browser will launch to the start page. From here you can sign in as the account created during init, register additional accounts, create projects, and more.
When you want to shut down the daemon, simply run:
Working with the Local Server
If you need to create additional accounts on your development instance, click 'become' in the upper right corner, select 'Switch User', and then register a new account.
ssh protocol to clone from and push to the local server. For
example, to clone a repository that you’ve created through the admin
git clone ssh://username@localhost:29418/projectname
Then you’ll be able to create changes the same way users do, with
git push origin HEAD:refs/for/master
Running the Acceptance Tests
Gerrit has a set of integration tests that test the Gerrit daemon via REST, SSH and the git protocol.
A new review site is created for each test and the Gerrit daemon is started on that site. When the test has finished the Gerrit daemon is shutdown.
For instructions on running the integration tests with Buck, please refer to: Running integration tests with Buck.
Running the Daemon
The daemon can be directly launched from the build area, without copying to the test site:
java -jar buck-out/gen/gerrit/gerrit.war daemon -d ../gerrit_testsite
Running the Daemon with Gerrit Inspector
Gerrit Inspector is an interactive scriptable environment to inspect and modify internal state of the system.
This environment is available on the system console after the system starts. Leaving the Inspector will shutdown the Gerrit instance.
The environment allows interactive work as well as running of Python scripts for troubleshooting.
Gerrit Inspect can be started by adding '-s' option to the command used to launch the daemon:
java -jar buck-out/gen/gerrit/gerrit.war daemon -d ../gerrit_testsite -s
Gerrit Inspector examines Java libraries first, then loads its initialization scripts and then starts a command line prompt on the console:
Welcome to the Gerrit Inspector Enter help() to see the above again, EOF to quit and stop Gerrit Jython 2.5.2 (Release_2_5_2:7206, Mar 2 2011, 23:12:06) [OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (Sun Microsystems Inc.)] on java1.6.0 running for Gerrit 2.3-rc0-163-g01967ef >>>
With the Inspector enabled Gerrit can be used normally and all interfaces (HTTP, SSH etc.) are available.
Care must be taken not to modify internal state of the system when using the Inspector.
Querying the Database
The embedded H2 database can be queried and updated from the command line. If the daemon is not currently running:
java -jar buck-out/gen/gerrit/gerrit.war gsql -d ../gerrit_testsite
Or, if it is running and the database is in use, connect over SSH using an administrator user account:
ssh -p 29418 user@localhost gerrit gsql
When debugging browser specific issues add
?dbg=1 to the URL so the
pages use the GWT pretty format, where function and variable names
match the Java sources.
The client-server RPC implementation is gwtjsonrpc, not the stock RPC system that comes with GWT. This buys us automatic XSRF protection. It also makes all of the messages readable and writable by any JSON implementation, facilitating "mashups" and 3rd party clients.
The programming API is virtually identical, except service interfaces extend RemoteJsonService instead of RemoteService.
We like it. Plus we can write Java code once and run it both in the browser and on the server side.